Wednesday, April 1, 2009



Movement is defined as the changing of an object’s physical location or position. Rather than rotating an object, movement involves physically changing its location and possibly its orientation as well. Movement in design takes the concept of a two-dimensional idea and creating a sense of motion within it. The Arts and Crafts style of the nineteenth century “is characterized by the asymmetrical whiplash line that gives a sense of dynamic movement wherever it is applied” (MASSEY 32).

“The influence of the British Arts and Crafts Movement led Continental architects and theorists to approach the planning and decorating of interiors with a respect that had traditionally been reserved for the exterior” (MASSEY 32). The literal movement of Arts and Crafts advanced the development of exterior ideas being integrated into the interior.


A reflection can mean many things. It can refer to how people reflect themselves towards the rest of society, a person’s perception of a person, place, or thing, or, in a more literal sense, a mirror image of a space or object. In the nineteenth century, “the appearance of the interiors of [the Victorian middle class’] modest three-story homes and the way in which the inhabitants conducted themselves within were dictated by elaborate codes of behavior” (MASSEY 7). People of the Victorian middle class, settling in new suburban cities, found it important to be able to expose their wealth, social status, and behavior skills. Exposing themselves like this allowed others to see who exactly they were; they were illustrating themselves through their homes.


Illumination is a means of adding light to a piece of work or simply enhancing a specific element of a project. In the nineteenth century French revival style, rooms on the first and second floors “were lighted by inset windows; some were top-lit instead” (BLAKEMORE 378).

“a skylight illuminated a centrally places staircase of white Carrara marble which forms the centerpiece of the whole design” (MASSEY 37).


A source is a person place or thing from which something comes or can be obtained. Sources are often used as inspirations for new ideas and concepts. “While designers imitated past styles” during the second empire in France, “they also made a conscious attempt to develop a new fashion” (BLAKEMORE 380). Taking some aspects of past designs and styles, new ideas are formed using these outside influences as a main source of the new idea.

“The Victorian Gothic revival was mainly inspired by Pugin and his interiors for the new Houses of Parliament building designed by Sir Charles Barry (1795-1860)” (MASSEY 9).

“For the grander type of interior the prevalent style was the Beaux-Arts, so called because its source was in the teaching of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris” (MASSEY 31).


A rotation is the act of turning about an axis to form new perspectives or views. The idea of rotating an object is useful in that it allows the viewer to change the way they observe the piece of work, thus permitting them to form different forms of interpretation. A model might have a completely different meaning when turned upside down or on its side.

My last studio project does a good job of expressing the idea of rotation. By turning the object around its center axis, light is able to hit it from different angles, thus creating different shadows on and around the project itself.

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