Friday, April 17, 2009

REFLECTIONS unit summary

A reflection is thought of as a thing that is a consequence of or arises from something else. Revolution and revival were the most prominent ideas of the time, which caused a drastic change in thinking and behaving and the coming again into reactivity. New design concepts were created by mimicking past designs with the designers trying to add their own sense of character. The design concept for the White House in Washington, D.C. for example, was copied from a country house in Ireland. Reflecting back on those past ideas and methods served as a base for the new ideas and concepts of the time period; the designs of the past led to new innovations for the future. As designers and architects used past ideas as one their biggest sources for design concepts, other factors played a big role as well.

The industrial revolution brought about a variety of new changes to the world of architecture and design including technological advances and the shedding of the past. It brought about the use of machinery, factories, new materiality, and mass production. As the revolution became more prominent, designers and architects began to integrate these new materials and the use of machinery into their design concepts.

This is a drawing of the glass and iron dome on top of the Reichstag building in Berlin, Germany. Built in 1995, the dome is constructed solely from glass and iron with a spiral of mirrors in the middle.

Glass and wrought iron were two new materials being used to create new design methods and incorporate new elements into architecture. The introduction of machinery allowed for mass production of materials as well as a huge cut in production costs.

Also during the revolutionary period, Claude Ledoux introduced the idea of architecture parlante, or the way in which a building expresses its own functionality. This concept, stemming from the French enlightenment, took some of the methods and ideas from baroque and rococo as a basis for forming a new era of design. As design during the revolutionary era was simple and followed all of the rules, post-revolutionary design served as a revival of pre-revolutionary design incorporating ideas that broke the rules. And, with the new introduction of machinery, post-revolutionary design was able to take that revival style to a new level. In all, the title, "REFLECTIONS," ties the entire unit together with the idea that reflection of the past leads to innovations of the future.

No comments: